Skin Care

Types of Acne, Their Causes & How to Treat Them

When we say ‘acne’, you may think of a breakout or bump that’s usually red in color or filled with pus. But this isn’t always the right way to describe acne. Not all acne types are inflammatory and spread across the skin. This includes blackheads and whiteheads that do not cause any swelling. This is why it’s wise to consult a dermatologist and seek the kind of treatment associated with your condition.

Common Types of Acne

There are many subtypes of acne, the common ones being:

  • Blackhead: An open bump filled with dead skin and excess oil.
  • Whitehead: A white bump that’s closed with clogged pores.
  • Acne Vulgaris: Medical term for common acne that occurs when oil and dead skin clog the pores.
  • Pityrosporum Folliculitis: Fungal acne when a type of yeast infects the hair follicles.
  • Papule: A pink or red bump.
  • Nodule: An inflamed hard lesion occurring deep under the skin.
  • Cystic Acne: A large, red boil filled with pus.

Causes of Acne

Acne is generally associated with hormone changes during puberty and that’s why it is common among teens and tweens. Also, acne occurs when bacteria and oil block the hair follicles. Other factors that can cause acne or make it worse include:

  • Emotional stress
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Excess sebum production
  • Diet
  • Certain medications
  • Popping or pricking acne
  • Genetics
  • Pressure or friction on the skin
  • Air pollution and weather
  • Greasy/wrong personal care products including heavy-formulated anti-acne cream or pimple medicine cream, oily lotions, etc.

Treatment for Acne

Acne is no less than an eyesore but treating it isn’t tricky provided your condition is not severe. Topical medicines, oral medications, therapies, and home remedies are effective in curing acne. But before you settle for the best acne cream or DIY anti-acne ubtan, first talk to your dermatologist and get your condition examined. Then, opt for the treatment suggested by the doctor to get rid of those frustrating bumps.

Acne Medications (Oral)

  • Isotretinoin, a kind of oral retinoid used to treat severe acne.
  • Antibiotics like doxycycline kills acne-causing bacteria.
  • Oral contraceptives to treat acne associated with menstruation.

Acne Medications (Topical)

  • Antibiotics acid eliminates dead skin cells and avoids clogging of hair follicles like clindamycin control surface bacteria on the skin.
  • Salicylic acid eliminates dead skin cells and avoids clogging of hair follicles.
  • Benzoyl peroxide gets rid of bacteria.
  • Azelaic acid lessens swelling caused due to acne.
  • Retinoid in the form of the best cream to remove pimple marks fast, gels, or lotions.
  • Dapsone for treating inflamed acne.

Acne Therapies

If your condition is severe, a dermatologist may suggest these therapies, usually with the best cream for pimples in India.

  • Lasers: Laser creates healthy collagen and removes acne scars
  • Steroids: Steroids are injected to reduce inflammation and treat severe acne
  • Chemical peels: To remove old skin and lessen acne scars

Acne Home Remedies

If you have mild acne or non-inflammatory acne, we recommend trying natural ingredients to treat your condition. For instance – if you have acne-prone skin, you can stick to a suitable home remedy instead of using acne removal cream for oily skin (provided your acne is not severe). Here are some home remedies to get rid of acne effectively:

  • Tea tree oil and clay pack for oily skin: Oily skin beauties can use a face mask prepared with kaolin clay and tea tree oil. This mask should be paraben-free and toxin-free.
  • Aloe gel mask for acne scars: To reduce inflammation and treat acne scars, use an aloe vera gel pack. Add some honey if you have oily skin.
  • Green tea face pack for dry skin: Prepare a face pack with green tea and honey to clear up debris and other toxins from the skin. Apply this green tea pack 2-3 times a week. Complement the mask application with a good pimple removal cream for male or female.
  • Multani Mitti (Fuller’s Earth) face mask for blemishes: Clear up blemishes and acne with a pack made from equal amounts of Multani Mitti and curd. Squeeze some fresh lemon juice in the pack along with some rose water.
  • Apple cider vinegar to prevent acne: If you don’t have sensitive skin, use apple cider vinegar to clear up acne and prevent further infection. Take a cotton ball soaked in ACV and then apply it to affected areas.

Try these home remedies and say goodbye to mild acne. We suggest using these masks in conjunction with a good pimple removal cream for female or male for faster healing!

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